Orissa News

Skin Care

The skin is the outer covering of the body. It is the largest organ of the body made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues, and guards the underlying muscles, bones, ligaments and internal organs. Skin holds everything together. It also:

  • Protects the body
  • Helps keep the body at just the right temperature
  • Allows us to have the sense of touch

Apart from these important functions, skin reflects the way we appear. Various layers like dermis, epidermis and sub cutaneous make the inner skin. These layers are also responsible to give the skin the look, glaze and feel that differ from person to person. The type of skin you have depends on the activity of the subaceous, or oil producing glands.

Types of Skins

There are generally four different types of skin:

  • Normal Skin
  • Dry skin type
  • Oily skin type
  • Sensitive skin type
  • Combination type

Normal Skin: It has a fine even texture with a supple and smooth surface. It has a proper balance between oil and moisture contents and is therefore moist and neither greasy nor dry. The pores of normal skin are small and the overall skin tone is even. It looks clear and does not develop spots and blemishes. The pores of the skin are fine and barely visible. It reflects good health and needs gentle treatment.

Dry Skin: Dry skin has a dry parched appearance and has a tendency to flake easily. It is prone to wrinkles and lines. It is due to the inability to retain moisture as well as the insufficient production of sebum by the sebaceous glands. Dry skin often has problems in cold weather and ages faster than normal or oily skin. Constant protection is very important. It needs a moisturizer during the day and a good cream at night.

Oily Skin: The oily skin has a greasy shine. The texture is coarse due to enlarged pores. It is prone to clogged pores, blackheads, pimples and acne. As its name implies, oily skin is slightly to moderately greasy. This type of skin is caused by the over secretion of sebum making the skin surface oily. The excess oil on the surface of the skin attracts dirt and dust from the environment. Oily skin is also prone to black heads, white heads, spots, pimples and such skin will never be clear. This type of skin needs to be cleansed thoroughly.

Sensitive Skin: Sensitive skin can be easily irritated. Typical reactions are itching, burning, chafing and stinging. After a wash a wash it feels dry and itchy in places. By midday there are flaky patches and some redness. Occasionally break out in spots. This type of skin has a fine texture and is very sensitive to changes in the climate. They show the disadvantage of bleaching, Waxing, threading, perfumes, temperature extremes, soap etc.

Combination Type : The skin has a greasy area, while surrounding areas are dry. The T-zone consists of forehead, nose and chin are usually greasy. The cheeks and area around eyes are dry. This is the most common skin type. As the name suggests, it is a combination of both oily and dry skin with certain areas of the face oily and the rest dry. Usually there is a Central greasy panel consisting of the forehead, nose and chin and a dry panel consisting of cheeks and the areas around the eyes and mouth. The greasy central panel is referred to as T - Zone. In such cases, each part of the face should be treated accordingly - the dry areas as for dry skin and the central panel as for oily skin and use skin care products made especially for combination skin.